Simple tips to seek out documents of. British army gallantry medals

by guest on April 27, 2021

Simple tips to seek out documents of. British army gallantry medals

How do I see the documents covered in this guide?

Exactly how many are online?

1. Why utilize this guide?

You want to find out whether a record of the award and why it was awarded exist, this guide will be of use if you know of an individual who received a British military medal or award for an act of bravery, gallantry or for meritorious service between 1854 and c1990 and. On the list of medals that are numerous awards included in the guide would be the:

For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You can find split records for the honor of campaign medals (awarded solely for service) – see our Uk Army campaign and solution medals guide for suggestions about finding these.

2. The records of gallantry medals and honors

2.1 Public notices

Just about all gallantry prizes to Uk nationals are publicly established within the government that is official, the London Gazette. This announcement that is public often the only record that endures of a prize. Notices additionally showed up, where appropriate, when you look at the colonial or dominion gazettes.

2.2 suggestions and citations

A suggestion is a complete declaration, frequently given by a commanding officer, of why a medal must certanly be granted to a person.

A citation is a short formal statement, extracted from the suggestion, of why a medal ended up being granted.

Whether accurate documentation of the citation or even a suggestion survives depends, mostly, from the form of award. Sometimes citations are posted into the London Gazette not constantly during the date that is same the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record associated with the person.

2.3 Registers

For a few medals you can find registers and listings of recipients addressing a particular war, 12 months or number of years.

3. What are documents

Learn where you should try to find records of the medal that is particular consulting the dining table below. The next advice that is general additionally help you to get started:

3.1 on the web records

In some instances, to look at documents you will have to find document recommendations and either purchase copies or check us out to see the initial papers in individual. Listed here documents, but, can be looked at or online that is downloaded.

3.2 fundamental search strategies for finding initial documents

You need to use our catalogue to look for records. Re Search aided by the name of the medal making use of the higher level search to target the documents of this particular record divisions for every branch of this armed forces, the following.

3.3 Public announcements and posted citations

More often than not, the most useful spot to begin may be the London Gazette, available from the Gazette web site, though for most medals a citation had not been posted (look at dining dining table below for medal-by-medal details). It is possible to search the Gazette by title, service quantity, book type and date of prize. You will need to find out roughly as soon as the honor had been announced or ‘gazetted’. There was clearly always a wait amongst the gallant deed, the award that is actual of medal, and book in the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered by The National Archives can help establish a night out together.

3.4 suggestions, registers and unpublished citations

Always check posted sources, such as those within the further reading area of this guide, as they may provide exact document references and additional information before you start a search for records of recommendations or citations. The dining dining table below provides links to your record series many prone to include home elevators specific honors.

3.5 dining dining Table of record sources for gallantry medals

Click the London Gazette links to locate the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book type and date of prize. Click the document series sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by title of receiver.

Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, maybe maybe not name. Contact the Ministry of Defence who might be able to provide you with the file reference.

Keep in mind medals granted by the British Army are not granted exclusively to British Army soldiers – they are often awarded to workers through the other armed solutions too. Some members of the Royal Air Force received British Army awards during the Second World War, for example. Similar will additionally apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, to ensure that, as an example, a true amount of airmen of this Fleet Air Arm, a branch associated with the Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.

4. International awards to Britons and British honors to servicemen that are foreign females (from 1854)

4.1 Notices

These prizes are usually established when you look at the London Gazette beneath the heading ‘Foreign Orders’.

For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. Many of these announcements that are pre-publication annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes totally free).

4.2 Tips

Military awards exchanged between Uk and international armies from 1946 onwards are searchable by title and prize into the tips (WO 373) on the web. These can consist of those perhaps not showing up within the London Gazette.

4.3 Listings

You’ll find some listings of international honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Discover files containing these listings utilising the Foreign workplace correspondence indexes during the National Archives. It really is believed that these listings aren’t comprehensive.

5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)

As a whole, you are able to search our catalogue by the medal title or its abbreviation to see if you will find any policy files. You can find series that is specific document the laws regulating the honor of medals.

For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 code 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 code 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.

6. The design and make of medals (1805-1986)

Requests for gallantry medals (especially within the century that is 19th could be associated with information on recipients and of the action that resulted in the honor. Decide to try show MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Re Re Re Search our catalogue with key term such as for instance ‘awards’ or ‘decorations’.

7. Replacing and medals that are claiming

Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign along with other medals released after 1939. Medals granted before 1939 can no further be changed.

8. Further reading and other resources

Online language resources

The Ministry of Defence’s british forces that are armed booklet, available from GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service into the Uk military, combined with a picture for every medal.

Lists of Victoria Cross recipients announced within the Gazette for the World that is first War 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.


Go to the National Archives’ bookshop for a variety of available publications about Uk army gallantry medals. All the publications listed here are for sale in The nationwide Archives’ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.

Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry honors (London, 1981)

Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of international prizes (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)

William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)

Related Articles

Previous post:

Next post: